Vision Exams for Adults

The American Optometric Association recommends a yearly eye exam for adults – not only to detect and to diagnose vision changes – but also to maintain eye health. For example, glaucoma, a disease of the optic nerve, commonly goes unnoticed by adults even when significant peripheral vision has been lost. Regular vision examinations are also important for the prevention of vision problems created or aggravated by today’s academic and professional demands.

21st century lifestyles demand more from our vision than ever before. Adults in our technological society constantly use their near vision at work and at home. Environmental stresses on the visual system (including long hours of computer use or close work) can sometimes cause headaches and vision problems which can be effectively treated with therapeutic lenses and Vision Therapy

Testing For More Than 20/20

20/20 just means that you can clearly see a certain letter on the standard eye chart (equivalent to what a person with normal vision should be able to see at 20 feet). There’s so much more to healthy vision than 20/20!

Our comprehensive vision exam goes beyond 20/20 to evaluate many important visual skills, such as:

  • Visual Acuity at Near
    Is vision clear and single up close? Clear sight at short distances is critical to reading, writing, close work, computer use, and much more.
  • Eye Teaming Skills
    Do the two eyes aim, move, and work together as a coordinated team? Weaknesses in binocular (two-eyed) vision and eye teaming skills can cause vision problems, including convergence insufficiency, eye strain headaches and poor depth perception.
  • Eye Focusing Skills
    Do the eyes maintain clear vision at all distances? Rapid, automatic eye focus adjustment is critical to learning, reading, writing, sports, etc. Deficiencies can cause visual fatigue, reduced reading comprehension, and avoidance of close work or other activities.
  • Eye Movement Skills
    Do eye movements show adequate coordinated muscle control for tracking, fixation, etc.? In the lecture hall and at work, normal eye movements allow rapid and accurate shifting of the eyes along a line of print or from book to desk to board or computer, etc. In sports, efficient eye movements contribute to eye-hand coordination, visual reaction time, and accurate tracking.

Above are just a few of the many visual skills evaluated during our comprehensive vision exam. And, of course, the health of your eyes inside and out is carefully evaluated for such problems as cataracts, glaucoma, hypertension, diabetes, macular degeneration, etc.

When learning, reading, job or sports performance problems are a concern, specialized testing can diagnose the underlying vision conditions which can impact performance.  Even when you can see clearly, vision problems can cause difficulties in reading (losing place, skipping words, unstable print, headaches, fatigue, tired eyes, etc.), or writing (difficulty with spacing, staying on the line), or in sports (visual speed, reaction time, etc.).

Visual Information Processing (VIP) Testing

Visual Information Processing testing includes a series of tests that are designed to identify strengths and weaknesses in the following areas:

  • Visual motor integration and eye hand coordination
  • Visual perception including:
    • Visual memory
    • Form perception
    • Visual discrimination
    • Directionality
    • Laterality
    • Visual – auditory integration
  • Perceptual motor abilities
  • Motor screening

The Visagraph II Computerized Eye Movement Test uses goggles with infrared sensors to analyze and record eye movements while viewing targets at near and during silent reading.  The number of times the eyes stop, how they move across the page and back, how many times they get lost or backtrack, and how they work together as a team will significantly impact reading efficiency.

Visual Information Processing testing usually requires 2 hours and is administered by our therapy staff.  Following analysis by the doctor, test results are presented at a consultation with your doctor.  Treatment options will be discussed including whether vision therapy may be helpful and if consultation with another professional would be appropriate.  A written summary report is also provided for the patient and other professionals, hospitals and/or treatment centers working with the patient.